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How do I grow and care for a Norway spruce?

Last Updated: Jun 16, 2016  |  14 Views

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Picea abies, the Norway spruce is one of 35-50 species of conical trees, which are largely restricted to the cooler regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Norway spruce is hardy to zone 3 to 7(8), survives but is not well-adapted to Zone 8 conditions. It's habit of growth is pyramidal with pendulous branchlets; stiff when young, graceful at maturity. Rate of growth is medium to fast especially in youth; may grow 75' high after 50 years.Transplant balled and burlapped in large sizes (3 to 4' and greater); move readily because of shallow, spreading root system; performs best in moderately moist, sandy acid, well-drained soils but can be planted in most average soils provided adequate moisture is available especially in the early years of establishment; prefer a cold climate; prune in early spring either by removing a selected branch or, if a hedge is desired, by pruning the young growth; full sun or perhaps very light shade in South but plants become thin and ragged in heavy soil. Susceptible to red spider, spruce gall aphid, budworm and borers.Grows particularly well in the harsher climate of the Midwest and East. There are many cultivars. Native habitat is in northern and central Europe, growing in extended forests, in plains and in the mountains.Specifically from Ural Mountains to the Balkan Peninsula to Switzerland, Norway and northern Finland. Introduced in colonial times.

Courtesy of the NYBG Plant Information Service

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